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New Study Finds Ways to Improve Light Absorption in Solar Cells

A power conversion efficiency of 23.50 percent was maintained for 120 hours

A research team, affiliated with UNIST has succeeded in achieving a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 23.50 percent in a perovskite-silicon tandem solar cell built with a special textured anti-reflective coating (ARC) polymeric film. According to the research team, the PCE of the device with the ARC film was sustained for 120 hours, maintaining 91 percent of its initial value.

This breakthrough has been led by Professor Kyoung Jin Choi and his research team in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at UNIST, in collaboration with Professor Jung-Kun Lee and his research team from the University of Pittsburgh in the United States.

In the work, the research team systematically demonstrated that a combination of silicon dioxide (SiO2) nanoparticles and large phosphor particles can convert ultraviolet (UV) to visible light and increase total transmittance of ARC film. Their experimental and computational results also show that SiO2 nanoparticles in the ARC film decrease the reflectance by increasing the diffuse transmittance.

Moreover, the PCE of the device with the ARC film was sustained for 120 hours, maintaining 91 percent of its initial value, while the PCE of existing devices dropped to 90 percent of its initial efficiency after five hours, and then decreased to 50 percent after 20 hours. In addition, the initial efficiency of the solar cell has also increased by nearly 4.5 percent compared to the previous one.

“This optically engineered ARC film successfully promotes the light absorption of the perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell, leading to the improvement of power conversion efficiency of the tandem cell from 22.48 percent to 23.50 percent,” noted the research team.

The findings of this research were made available in the online edition of Advanced Functional Materials, ahead of its publication in August 2022. This study has been jointly participated by Seongha Lee (Department of Mechanical Engineering and Material Science, University of Pittsburgh) and Chan Ul Kim (Department of Materials Science and Engineering, UNIST).

- This press release was originally published on the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology website