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Semiconductor Material Analysis Made Possible with AI

Semiconductor Material Analysis Made Possible with AI

Researchers estimate Hamiltonian parameters in real time by inputting spin structure images obtained from an electron microscope

Studies on spintronics, which deal with the intrinsic spin of electrons and the field of electronic engineering, are actively conducted to address the limitation of integration level of silicon semiconductors currently in use and to develop ultra-low-power and high-performance next-generation semiconductors. Magnetic materials are one of the most commonly used materials to develop spintronics devices such as magneto-resistive random-access memory (MRAM). Therefore, it is essential to accurately identify various properties of the magnetic materials, such as thermal stability, dynamic behaviors, and the ground state configuration, through the analysis of the magnetic Hamiltonian and its parameters.

Previously, the magnetic Hamiltonian parameters were directly measured through various experiments in order to acquire more accurate and deeper understanding of the properties of magnetic materials, and such processes required extensive amount of time and resources.

(A) Data generation process showing the sampled spin configurations generated through the simulated annealing process. The color wheel indicates the in-plane magnetization directions, and the grayscale indicates the out-of-plane magnetization directions. (B and C) The training and testing processes used in this study. (D) The additional validation process with experimentally observed magnetic domain images.
Korea Institute of Science and Technology

To overcome these limitations, researchers in South Korea have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) system that can analyze magnetic systems in an instant. The Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) reported that the collaborative research team led by Dr. Heeyong Kwon and Dr. Junwoo Choi from the Spin Convergence Research Center and professor Changyeon Won from Kyung Hee University developed a technique for estimating magnetic Hamiltonian parameters from spin structure images using AI techniques.

They constructed a deep neural network structure and trained it with machine learning algorithms and existing magnetic domain images. As a result, the magnetic Hamiltonian parameters could be estimated in real time by inputting spin structure images obtained from an electron microscope. Further, when compared with the experimentally investigated parameter values, the estimation errors of the AI system were less than one percent, indicating high estimation accuracy. According to the team, the developed AI system is capable of completing the material parameter estimation process that previously took up to tens of hours in an instant by using deep learning techniques.

"We presented a novel approach on how AI technologies can be implemented to analyze the properties of magnetic systems," Kwon said. "We expect that new methods for studying physical systems using such AI technologies will be able to reduce the gap between experimental and theoretical aspects, and will further lead to expanding a new research field called convergence of AI technology and fundamental science research."

- This press release was supplied by Korea's National Research Council of Science & Technology. It has been edited for style