An international team of scientists has developed a strategy to boost people's ability to adapt to climate change, revealed in a new study published Jan. 30 in the prestigious journal, Nature Climate Change.
"Millions of coastal people in the tropics have been affected by the global coral bleaching event that unfolded over the previous two years. We need to find ways to help these people adapt to change," said professor Joshua Cinner from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at James Cook University.
A group of social scientists from the USA, Australia, UK, and Chile, led by Cinner, have pooled their experience and lessons from hundreds of research and development projects to highlight five keys ways to build up the adaptive capacity of people living in the coastal tropics. These include:
- Ensuring that people have the assets to draw upon in times of need. These assets can include household wealth or public goods such as health services, but they need to be developed in ways that don't exacerbate existing inequalities;
- Providing the flexibility to change. "Having some flexibility can enable people to minimize losses or even take advantage of climate-related change," said professor Eddie Allison from the University of Washington, USA. "For example, fishers might need to change fishing grounds or target new species."
- Learning about climate change and adaptation options. "People need to learn about new techniques and strategies that can help them cope with changing circumstances," said professor Katrina Brown at the University of Exeter, UK.
- Investing in social relationships. "The formal and informal relationships that people have with each other and their communities can help them deal with change by providing social support and access to both knowledge and resources," said Cinner.
- Empowering people to have a say in what happens to them. "We also need to ensure that people have the ability to determine what is right for them," said Brown.