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A Review of the Latest Metal Sulfide-Based Heterojunction Photocatalysts

The review article provides a summary of the advantages and drawbacks of metal sulfides for photocatalysis

Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics

DICP is well known for its important achievements in catalytic chemistry, chemical engineering, molecular reaction dynamics, organic synthesis, and chromatography, all of which have furthered economic and technological development in...

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Since the Industrial Revolution, the global economy has experienced rapid development, which is closely tied to the exploitation of natural energy resources. However, it has led to a gradual depletion of energy resources and an increasingly serious environmental pollution problem. Photocatalytic technology has emerged as a green and pollution-free solution that aligns with sustainable development principles. It not only enables the production of new types of energy but also facilitates environmental remediation.

Metal sulfides, known for their strong reducibility, are considered as one of the most promising semiconductor photocatalysts in energy and environmental-remediation applications. However, the photocatalytic performance of most metal sulfides is hindered by their poor stability and significant charge carrier recombination. To overcome these limitations, the fabrication of metal sulfide-based heterojunction has been explored as an effective strategy.

Recently, a research team led by professor Kai Dai from Huaibei Normal University, China, reported an insightful research review article in the field of photocatalysis in the Chinese Journal of Catalysis. The authors provide a comprehensive summary of the advantages and drawbacks of metal sulfides in the field of photocatalysis, while discussing the role of heterojunction in enhancing their performance. Various synthesis methods for metal sulfide-based heterojunction photocatalysts, including hydrothermal synthesis, ion exchange, electrospinning, and in-situ photochemical deposition, are discussed. Moreover, the review categorizes the types of metal sulfide heterojunction based on electron transfer pathways, such as Schottky junctions, type II, Z-scheme, and S-scheme heterojunction. The authors also present an extensive overview of the applications of metal sulfide heterostructure photocatalysts, with a particular emphasis on achieving simultaneous desired redox reactions through the efficient utilization of electron-hole pairs. Furthermore, the importance of in-situ characterization techniques in elucidating the mechanisms of heterojunction photocatalysts is thoroughly discussed.

- This press release was provided by the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics