White Papers and Application Notes

Detecting Low Abundant Endogenous Cardiac Steroids from Biological Fluids

Detecting Low Abundant Endogenous Cardiac Steroids from Biological Fluids

Thermo Scientific™ Orbitrap ID-X™ Tribrid™ mass spectrometer enables annotation of cardiac steroids and related compounds

Thermo Fisher Scientific

Endogenous cardiac steroids are specific inhibitors of the sodium pump (Na+/K+-ATPase) and play important biological roles such as regulating cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, fibrosis, immunity, carbohydrate metabolism, and nervous and mental functions. Detecting endogenous cardiac steroids from biological fluids is challenging because of their low concentration ranges (pg–ng/mL) and lack of authentic standards.

Access this application note to learn how a novel structure-based MSn discovery approach, utilizing the Thermo Scientific™ Orbitrap ID-X™ Tribrid™ mass spectrometer, enables annotation of cardiac steroids and related compounds based on basic steroid sub-structure identification using MS2 and MS3 spectral tree data.